The Great Horus
“Everything the light (the sun) touches is our kingdom. A king’s time as ruler rises and falls like the sun. One day Simba, the sun will set on my time here and rise with you as the new king.” – Mufasa
Heru (Horus)is the son of Ausar (Osiris) and Auset (Isis). His name means he who is above. Horus’ symbol is the falcon and he is associated with kingship. He is a sun god and is Osiris reborn. Moreover, Horus is known as Horakhty, i.e. the rising sun. In later times in the history of Egypt, the sun god Ra would be merged with Horakhty and would be called Ra-Horakhty, which means Ra as Horus on the horizon.
Horus had many forms. At midday he was known as Horus of Behdety or Heru Behdety; the midday sun. It is Heru Behdety, who is victorious in avenging his father’s death (Osiris). During the Ptolemaic period, Heru Behdety was worshipped at Edfu and was known as the Heru Ur, which is Horus the Elder, the great Horus. The Egyptian word Ur means great. This is the sun at the height of its power. As the day continues, the sun is weakened. As the evening approaches, the sun begins to set. This is the setting sun. The light of the sun is diminishing and darkness (night) approaches. As the night continues, the Egyptians say, Osiris is dead. This brings about chaos, trials and tribulations. Darkness has set in. Remember Horus is Osiris ready to be reborn. Now it’s night time. Osiris is dead and Set is ruling. Isis is searching for her husband Osiris. As the night continues, Isis finds him and gets impregnated magically with the help of Tehuti. As we get beyond midnight, the seed of Osiris grows in Isis. As the dawn approaches she is getting ready to give birth to her son Horus; Osiris reborn. Now he must grow and gain strength and avenge his father Osiris’ death and the cycle of the sun continues.
The sun had lived, died, and was buried in Amenta (the Underworld), but the sun rose again. This was the death, burial and resurrection of the sun. The sun of today (Horus) is the same sun of yesterday (Osiris). Therefore when you see the son (Horus), you have seen the father (Osiris).Because the sun rises and sheds its light, life will continue on earth. Thus the sun was known to give everlasting life.
The Egyptian mythos was not only explaining the daily cycle of the sun, it was also eloquently articulating the yearly cycle of the sun. After the sun is at its height and longest day of the year (Heru Behdety), which is the summer solstice, the day light hours become shorter and night hours longer. Horus (the day hours) is battling Set (the night hours). Though Horus still has the upper hand, Set is gaining ground. The day hours are getting shorter and shorter and the night hours are getting longer and longer. At the Autumnal (Fall) Equinox, Horus has lost ground and Set has gained. It is at this point, the day hours (Horus) and the night hours (Set) are equal. However from this day, Set has become tremendously dominant and the night hours are ruling. The light is dying.
On December 21, sometime the 22nd, the shortest day of the year occurs. This is the Winter Solstice. The word solstice is sol, meaning sun and stice coming from sistere meaning to stand still. Therefore the word solstice means sun standing still. In antiquity, cultures were able to tell time of day based on the shadow of the sun on the sundial. The sundial was an instrument (a flat plate) that told the time of day based on the position of the sun’s shadow. On December 21/22, not only was it the shortest day of the year, but something magically occurred. The shadow on the sundial didn’t move for three days. Thus the ancients said the sun (Osiris) had died. Since the Summer Solstice, the sun had gradually fallen south. At this point the sun had completed its journey. On midnight of December 24, the constellation of Virgo can be seen rising in the eastern sky. On the 25th of December the sun starts its journey back north and the shadow of the sun moves once again on the sundial. This was a time of celebration. The sun (Osiris) that had died has now risen through is son (Horus). Moreover, because the constellation of Virgo at the time was in the eastern sky when the sun rose, the ancient said the sun was born of a virgin. The word Virgo is virgin. You can see this connection in Egypt by Osiris having stalks of wheat coming out of his coffin. Virgo is represented with a stalk of wheat in her hand and is called the House of Bread. Moreover in ancient times, Virgo was associated with Isis and was depicted as a woman suckling an infant, i.e. the baby Horus.
The Egyptian kings in death were associated with Osiris and while living they were associated with Horus. “Everything the light (the sun) touches is our kingdom. A king’s time as ruler rises and falls like the sun. One day Simba, the sun will set on my time here and rise with you as the new king.”
Ṣàngódaré Fágbèmí Epega, Oloye Alatunṣe (Christopher W. Brown)
Ifa Priest & Astro-Numerologist
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